Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) is a rare complication caused by E. coli infections. It occurs in about 5-10% of E. coli cases. It is a very serious complication, and can even be life threatening. Red blood cells die prematurely, which means that they must be cleaned out of the blood. In the human body, cleaning the blood is a task done by the kidneys. These damaged red blood cells clog up the filtering systems in the kidneys, which can cause kidney damage. Kidney failure may also occur. In the event of kidney damage or failure, HUS can be fatal. Certain symptoms are common with HUS. These symptoms include decreased frequency of urination, fatigue, and the loss of the pink color in cheeks and inside the lower eyelids.
Anyone suffering from E. coli poisoning is at risk for developing HUS. Children are at an increased risk of developing HUS, although adults can also develop the complication. Symptoms of E. coli include abdominal cramping, vomiting, and bloody diarrhea. If you or a loved one begins to show the symptoms of E. coli, contact a medical professional and monitor their condition. If their condition worsens, seek medical attention. If they begin to show the symptoms of HUS along with symptoms of E. coli poisoning, take them to a hospital immediately.